London is the capital and largest urban area of England and
the United Kingdom. At its core, the ancient City of London, to which the name
historically belongs, still retains its limited mediaeval boundaries; but since
at least the 19th century the name "London" has also referred to the
whole metropolis which has developed around it.
London is the most populous
municipality in the European Union. The urban area of London extends beyond the
limits of Greater London. London's
diverse population draws from a wide range of peoples, cultures, and religions,
and over 300 different languages are spoken within the city. It is an
international transport hub, with five major international airports serving the
area and a large port. It serves as the largest aviation hub in the world, and
the multi-terminal Heathrow Airport carries more international passengers than
any other airport in the world.