Ghana is situated in West Africa and is bounded by Burkina
Faso, Togo, the Atlantic Ocean and Côte d'Ivoire. A narrow grassy plain
stretches inland from the coast, widening in the east, while the south and west
are covered by dense rainforest. To the north are forested hills beyond which
is dry savannah and open woodland. Ghana's coastline is dotted with sandy
palm-fringed beaches and lagoons.
The capital, Accra, features the Makola
Market, a large and busy open-air market. Kumasi is the historic capital of the
Ashanti civilization, where ruins of the Manhyia Palace and the Royal Mausoleum
may be examined.
It is Ghana's largest city and its administrative,
communications, and economic center.
The chief manufactures are processed food,
lumber and plywood, textiles, clothing, and chemicals. Today, Accra is a
transport hub, home to the Kotoka International Airport and lies on railway
lines to Tema, Takoradi and Kumasi. The main harbour city, Tema is connected
through the only highway in Ghana.